Friday, April 18, 2014
HARRISON CENTRAL HIGH SCHOOL US ARMY JUNIOR RESERVE OFFICER TRAINING CORPS

"RED REBEL BATTALION"

The History of JROTC at Harrison Central High School

The JROTC Program was opened at HCHS during the early 1980's. Since that time, there have been several instructors who have continued to evolve the program in various ways, culminating in the outstanding program offered today with Regulation and Exhibition Drill Teams, a Color Guard and Flag Team, an Adventure Training Team, and a newly formed JROTC Choir.

IN THE NEWS

We took our PT team to Harrison Central after school yesterday to work out with their Army JROTC PT team and run their obstacle course. While we were there Sarah Duffey from Fox News 25 interviewed our corps commander, Laura Coutee, and MSgt Hinton. You can see their interview and our cadets working out in the link below.

WXXV 25 NEWS

CALENDAR OF EVENTS

MAY 10, 2014

D'Iberville JROTC Volleyball Championship

 
PREPARING STUDENTS

How JROTC prepare students for a future career in the military.

In JROTC, we teach the rank structure of all the services, basic marching skills, administrative skills, land navigation and map skills, first aid, wilderness survival, and physical fitness training. All of these skills are taught to a greater degree in each of the military services. We are precluded by Army regulations from engaging in any type of combat skills training. JROTC graduates do qualify for entry into the military services at a higher rank (which translates into more pay and privileges.)

GOALS & MISSION

The Goals of JROTC.

  • a. Promote citizenship;
  • b. Develop leadership;
  • c. Communicate effectively;
  • d. Improve Physical Fitness;
  • e. Provide incentive to live drug free;
  • f. Strengthen positive self-motivation;
  • g. Provide an historical perspective of military services;
  • h. Work as a team member;
  • I. Graduate from high school.

The Mission of JROTC.

The Mission of JROTC is: "To motivate young people to be better citizens." The focus of the JROTC Program at Harrison Central High School is to help the cadets develop an enhanced sense of the following attributes of good citizenship:

  • a. Responsibility;
  • b. Self-discipline;
  • c. Leadership;
  • d. Followership;
  • e. Teamwork;
  • f. Community Awareness.

RANKS

Cadets can be promoted all the way from basic cadet to Private, Private First Class, Corporal, Sergeant, Staff Sergeant, Sergeant First Class, Master Sergeant, and Sergeant Major.

First Sergeants, the Command Sergeant Major and all officer ranks are positional only. If a cadet holds a position, they will wear the rank commensurate with that position (i.e. the Battalion Commander is a Cadet Lieutenant Colonel. The Battalion Executive Officer is a Cadet Major, Company Commanders are Cadet Captains, Platoon Leaders are Cadet Second Lieutenants, etc.) The Battalion Command Sergeant Major is a Cadet Command Sergeant Major.

ACCOMPLISHMENTS OF JROTC

The major accomplishments of JROTC at HCHS.

Red Rebel Battalion constructed an Obstacle Course, still in operation, and a nature trail, currently out of operation due to Hurricane Katrina.

Red Rebel Battalion has been consistently active in Drill Meets and has won first place many times throughout the years in every category.

Red Rebel Battalion has acquired US Army Senior ROTC scholarships for several cadets who are serving as officers in the United States Army.

Red Rebel Battalion has adopted all Harrison County Elementary Schools designated as feeder schools to Harrison Central High School and conducts their field day activities as a battalion operation.

MISUNDERSTANDINGS

The biggest misunderstandings regarding the JROTC at HCHS.

One of the biggest misunderstandings with the FROTC program is that you have to join the military afterwards. That is FALSE. Most of our cadets do not join the military after high school; although some do choose to enlist after high school, or to further their education at a college or university and enroll in the senior ROTC program.

Let's be very clear that JROTC is not a recruiting effort by the military. We have no US Army recruiting mission and do not promote military service over any other honorable and honest career choice. We are simply here to motivate young people to be better citizens and to exercise good citizenship in their daily lives, regardless of their future career choices.

JROTC OVERVIEW

Many programs and opportunities exist in secondary education to develop leadership in high school students.

From athletics to clubs to student government, students are given numerous venues to act as leaders to their peers. However, very few high school students are provided any type of formal leadership training through an educational process.

Approximately 3,000 high schools in the United States offer Junior ROTC (JROTC) as an elective in their curriculum. Although the four military services offer separate programs, as a whole, JROTC is a youth development program designed to educate students for citizenship and to provide leadership opportunities for personal growth. An academic curriculum of leadership instruction prepares students to assume greater responsibilities in leadership roles within the JROTC unit. This integration of academic instruction with applied leadership skills is a unique and effective method of teaching leadership in an academic environment.

JROTC is one of the oldest and largest federal programs for youth development in America. Congress established JROTC in 1916 with the broad mandate to develop good citizenship and responsibility in young people, and the military services accepted this mandate and established appropriate missions and objectives for their respective programs. Despite this mandate, few schools actually established JROTC units; however, in 1992, General Colin Powell, the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, initiated a proposal to increase funding for JROTC to support 2,900 high schools. In a bipartisan effort to generate congressional approval for the proposal, President Bush, Secretary of Defense Cheney, and Senator Sam Nunn lobbied Congress, which eventually approved funding JROTC in 3,500 high schools.

Since then, JROTC has experienced a rapid expansion and now operates programs in all 50 states and in Department of Defense schools in Europe and Asia. In fiscal year 1996, Congress authorized 163 million dollars for funding JROTC, representing approximately 4% of the 4.5 billion dollars spent by the federal government on youth development programs.

Each military service establishes and operates its JROTC program. The U. S. Army operates the largest and oldest JROTC program, with approximately 1,370 units nationwide; the U. S. Air Force operates 609 units; the U. S. Navy operates 435 units; and the U. S. Marine Corps operates just 174 units. Approximately 40% of all JROTC units are in inner-city high schools, reflecting a focus on at-risk youth. Non-Caucasian enrollment has steadily increased to approximately 59% in 1996-1997, while female enrollment increased to approximately 43% in 1996-1997. These numbers demonstrate the broad-based appeal that JROTC strives to achieve in the public and private high schools in which they operate.

Instructors are retired officers or non-commissioned officers, certified by their respective branch of the service as qualified to serve as JROTC instructors. Under contractual agreements between the military services and local school districts, instructors are hired by the school districts, where requirements, such as in-district residency or degree levels may differ from district to district. All officers have college degrees, with many holding advanced graduate degrees; many non-commissioned officers also have college degrees. Instructor salaries are shared between the federal government and the school district, with the federal government paying approximately 50% of each instructor's salary. Although instructors are primarily hired to operate JROTC programs, they also coach athletic teams, serve on faculty committees, sponsor academic or social clubs, and perform their share of associated duties as a member of the faculty.

The FY 1993 Defense Authorization Act codified the mission statement for JROTC as follows:

It is a purpose of the Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps to instill in students in the nation's secondary educational institutions the value of citizenship, service to the United States, personal responsibility, and a sense of accomplishment.

The Department of Defense provides oversight to all services in the administration of their respective JROTC programs; the Office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Force Management Policy at the Pentagon performs this oversight function. Each service has a separate training headquarters that administers policy, funding, and program oversight.